Laboratory and In-Field Technologies for Scale, Wax, Corrosion and Microbiology
Cathodic Protection (CP) and Flooded Member Detection (FMD) surveys of Subsea Pipelines and Structures
T: +44 (0)1224 703032
T: +65 6214 3990
Flow assurance is a major concern to the petroleum industry, characterised by the numerous technical problems related to the nature of the produced effluents. These problems change gradually throughout the Field life, periodically requiring adjustment of the solution. The main problems are:
- Corrosion caused by - produced brine and dissolved gases, such as CO2 & H2S;
- Presence of Oxygen in the process system or microbial;
- Deposits from - Mineral scales or asphaltene or paraffin's;
- Water - Emulsions of oil or hydrate formations;
The Production and Processing of hydrocarbons involve a number of physical and chemical processes, which determine Field viability. Only when the geology and fluid dynamics are understood can Field development be fully evaluated and a decision to proceed to Production taken. The ability to carryout Field and Laboratory studies plays a major roll if Operators are to understand any flow assurance problems. Such understandings at this stage are of paramount importance to successful operations as of course is the ability to predict and respond to changes during Field life. Hydrocarbon production and processing facilities are therefore very complex engineering feats that require a delicate balance and often fine tuning in order to optimise production.
This knowledge is achieved through better understanding of the physical and chemical processes occurring though the extraction and processing chain. It is for the Process Measurement And Control of such processes that PMAC has developed and designed a unique product range of instrumentation and test equipment.
The Products displayed here are intended to be indicative of our in-house expertise, design and manufacturing capabilities. PMAC also offer clients a confidential R & D capability, under taking commissions for special prototype and one-off manufacture. Built upon years of experience offering "solutions" to flow assurance problems, PMAC service combines in-house chemical and process engineering to solution solving.
Intrusive and Non-Intrusive Corrosion & Erosion Monitoring for Surface Facilities